The four main systems or spheres of Earth include the lithosphere (or geosphere), hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. The “sphere” in lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere means envelop. The lithosphere refers to the rocks of the Earth's surface and upper mantle, or the depth of the plates. The lithosphere consists of … THE HYDROSPHERE - The hydrosphere refers to the most important resource which I water. All four spheres can be and often are present in a single location. The hydrosphere defines the water that covers 71% of the Earth's surface. Spheres of Earth: Reference Table Scavenger Hunt Name_____Class: _____ Date: _____ Objective: To be able to understand the differences, similarities and characteristics of the Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Lithosphere! For example, a piece of soil will contain minerals from the lithosphere. The uppermost part of the lithosphere that chemically reacts to the atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere through the soil forming process is called the pedosphere. This is a deceptively simple question. 21% O, 78% N, 1% other 2. b. process of condensation. 97% of water on Earth is found in the oceans. Water is one of the most important substances needed for life and makes up about 90% of living things. The continental lithosphere include the uppermost layers of mantle which is topped with a thick yet light continental crust. c. the orographic effect. Hydrosphere is made up of all the Earth's water and Cryosphere is just part of the hydrosphere but it's only made up of frozen water such as glaciers or ice caps. The movement of water between the hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere is known as a. the hydrologic cycle. Acidic water leaches nutrients from the soil (lithosphere) into the water table (hydrosphere), making the soil less fertile for plants (biosphere), and the subterranean water supply (hydrosphere) less Rain (hydrosphere) may bring these acids to the Earth, acidifying soils (lithosphere), lakes and rivers (hydrosphere). Explanation: d. the infiltration cycle. Hydrosphere – The hydrosphere is the interconnected system of all of the liquid water on this planet. Hydro means “water.“ The hydrosphere includes the oceans, rivers, lakes, groundwater, and water frozen in glaciers. *Use your ESRT The Atmosphere 1. We consume large quantities of water that has huge impacts on how this system … Additionally, there will be elements of the hydrosphere present as moisture within the soil, the biosphere as insects and plants, and even the atmosphere as pockets of air between soil pieces. This is where the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere meet the lithosphere. Earth’s water makes up the hydrosphere. The hydrosphere stretches all the way from the Earth’s surface downward numerous miles into the lithosphere and high above the crust into the atmosphere. What is the average chemical composition of the Troposphere (by volume)? The hydrosphere is, according to Wikipedia, the "the combined mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet." The atmosphere, therefore, consists of gases that envelop the Earth. Most of the water in the atmosphere is in gaseous form and as it rises higher into the atmosphere it condenses to form clouds which fall back on earth as precipitation. The process of the hydrologic cycle such as evapotranspiration, precipitation, and groundwater transport are all a part of the hydrosphere.Humans have become a large part of the hydrosphere too. The lithosphere includes the crust and the uppermost mantle, which constitute the hard and rigid, rocky outer layer of the Earth. 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